WHAT ARE CANNABINOIDS AND THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is found in all mammals and acts as a regulating mechanism. Cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body and bind with endo-cannabinoids, the cannabinoids created within the body. This body system and the hundreds of natural and endogenous cannabinoids are not well understood. However, today we are beginning to study the ECS in more detail and better understand its role in homeostasis.
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEMP AND MARIJUANA?
In the US, both hemp and marijuana are classified as Cannabis sativa. Cannabis sativa is a plant that is regulated by the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Hemp is a legal definition describing cultivars of Cannabis sativa that are grown for seed and fiber. These plants contain negligible amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), less than 0.3%, and are not intoxicating. Hemp also refers to the parts of the plant which are exempt from the CSA, including the fibers, seeds, and hurd. THC is most common natural cannabinoid in marijuana. It’s activity in our brain is associated with the intoxicating effects of marijuana. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most common cannabinoid in marijuana but is not intoxicating. Ultimately, hemp products are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and do not require FDA approval. No claims can be made for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of any disease. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has no enforcement authority over hemp products based on standing from 2004 and the 9th circuit court of appeals, which found that the DEA did not have authority under the CSA to regulate industrial hemp.
IF THE NATURAL CANNABINOIDS IN HEMP ARE NON-PSYCHOACTIVE, ARE THEY LEGAL?
Natural cannabinoids in hemp products are legal in the United States as long as they are made from legal hemp material and contain an amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that is less than 0.3% by weight. Randy’s Remedy products are produced using hemp grown legally in Kentucky under provisions of the 2014 US Farm Bill.
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEMP PRODUCTS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL CANNABINOIDS AND MARIJUANA PRODUCTS?
Marijuana is federally illegal and products made from marijuana contain high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), more than 0.3% THC. Hemp products, like Randy’s Remedy, are made with industrial hemp and contain less than 0.3% THC. This means that Randy’s Remedy products are not intoxicating and have no restrictions for the consumer. While there may be benefits to using marijuana medically, that does not take away the benefits of the natural cannabinoids in hemp.
HOW IS CANNAKA AND RANDY’S REMEDY PRODUCTS PRODUCED?
Cannaka is produced from industrial hemp and other botanical ingredients. Our hemp material is sourced from Kentucky and contains naturally occurring cannabinoids. Other botanical ingredients, containing essential plant terpenes, are added to balance the ratios of the active natural cannabinoids and essential plant terpenes to fully leverage the entourage effect. Essential terpenes are sourced from botanicals, such as lavender and hops, to create a botanically complete oil containing all the active and essential ingredients of the whole plant. The industrial hemp is processed using CO2 and infused, along with the added terpenes, into Randy’s Remedy products using a specialized method for ensuring consistent high quality without using alcohol or other hydrocarbons such as butane or propane. This process allows us to standardize Cannaka from batch to batch which ensures the highest quality and consistency of Randy’s Remedy products.
All cannabis, including hemp, is not federally approved, regulated or lawful except under DEA license as a Schedule 1 drug agricultural commodity (i.e., food).
Hemp imports of material sourced from stalk and seed only had increased materially since a 2004 9th Circuit ruling where HIA won the right to import hemp products, expressly omitting inclusion of the hemp flower and affirming that the naturally occurring cannabinoids in products exempt from the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are also exempt.
US Farm Bill (Section 7606) creates a federal structure for state-level industrial hemp pilot programs engaging in growth, cultivation, and marketing. Corresponding state legislation and regulatory structure provides a federally legal architecture for low-THC hemp production.
A U.S. Agricultural Appropriations Bill contains an amendment allowing for the movement of hemp plant matter, including seeds, across state lines.
Congress signs the Omnibus Act, which further protects the GenCanna™ program by preventing federal monies from being spent to “prohibit the transportation, processing, sale or use of industrial hemp that is grown or cultivated in accordance with” Section 7606 of the U.S. Farm Bill.
The USDA, in conjunction with co-signers from DEA/DOJ and FDA/HSS, issues a Statement of Principles that signify the federal acceptance of hemp.
NIFA, part of the U.S.D.A., announces that it will accept hemp-related projects for funding grants. The Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) clarifies its support of hemp, hemp-derived cannabinoids, and corresponding agricultural development for its farmers and processors. Various other governmental actors, including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, provide further written support for hemp as an agricultural commodity. The KDA issues its 2017 Policy Guide, the nascent hemp industry’s most significant regulatory guide.
Kentucky passes SB 218, clarifying the role of the KDA in relation to Kentucky’s hemp regulation. The 2017 Omnibus Spending Bill passes, including previous hemp language and clearly articulating state/international line transportation. Expectations of the introduction of The Hemp Farming Act of 2017 are high.
Myrcene is known for its relaxing and sedating. It’s pain relieving qualities and it’s ability to change the permeability of cell membranes allows for more absorption of natural cannabinoids by the cells. One of the most powerful terpenes, myrcene has an earthy, clove-like aroma and can be also found in hops, basil, thyme, mangoes. It has the ability to reduce muscle spasms and improve inflammation. It also helps alleviate insomnia, and naturally support good pain management.
D-Limonene is energizing and uplifting, it help elevate mood and improve anxiety, it also enhances synergies and the absorption of other terpenes and natural cannabinoids. It is found in citrus rinds, juniper, rosemary, and peppermint, and is responsible for the citrus aroma and mood elevating effects of Cannaka.
Another citrus terpene is citral. Also found in lemongrass, ginger, and sweet basil. Citral is known to have sedative effects in addition to antimicrobial activity. Has a lime-like citrus smell that when combined with Myrcene, enhances its relaxing effects.
Smells sweet and summery with floral notes of rose and geranium. Geraniol has antifungal and antibacterial effects. It has been found to help with nausea and stress. It is widely used by flavor scientists to capture the essence of many fruit flavors.
Responsible for the familiar scent of Lavender, Linalool has been used for thousands of years for it’s a calming and relaxing effects. Consumed orally, burned as incense or vaporized as an oil, linalool is commonly associated with sleep and relaxation. Combined with myrcene, linalool enhances the mood elevating and relaxing effects, elevating mood, calming tense muscles, and supporting good pain management.
The familiar scent of pine forests comes from the terpenes, Alpha (A) and Beta (B) Pinene. Pinenes are also found in rosemary, and basil, Pinene has antimicrobial effects and also promotes a healthy inflammatory response. Used in combination with other terpenes and natural cannabinoids it promotes good pain management and also supports cell vitality. Pinene has also been shown to improve memory retention and to enhance overall brain function. This contributes to its alerting and mentally stimulating effects.
β-Caryophyllene is the only proven dietary cannabinoids found beyond the cannabis plant. It has a spicy, earthy aroma and supports gastrointestinal (GI) health and promotes a healthy inflammatory response. It is responsible for the bold taste and aroma of black peppercorns, cloves, hops, and echinacea. It also has antimicrobial effects which can improve pain and other symptoms of GI distress. β-Caryophyllene is not intoxicating.
Also found in coriander, apples, lilac, sage, and tea tree. Terpinolene has many benefits related to inflammation and infection. It also supports good pain management and aids in digestion. It has a strong, aroma of related to pine, herbs, and lime. It is responsible for many of the familiar astringent floral aroma of many herbs.
Terpineol is another floral-scented aromatic terpene that is known to promote blood flow to the brain. It promotes clear, calm cognitive function, and overall mental stamina. It is also found in pine oil and black tea. It has an aroma similar to lilac and is responsible for the clear-minded, subtle effects that keep you focused and productive
Named after the valencia oranges from have a uniquely sweet, citrusy aroma with hints of grapefruit, wood, and orange. Aside from its amazing taste, valencene adds to the mental stimulation and cognitive benefits of Cannaka.